This edition of the Freedom Expression Monitor is a consolidation of the quarterly reports for January-December, 2018. The year recorded 152 violations ranging from killing to kidnapping, physical attacks, arrests and detentions and freedom of assembly violations. The figures show a slight deterioration of the freedom of expression environment compared to 2017 which recorded 140 violations.
Nigeria recorded 21 violations, the highest number, followed by Ghana (18), Guinea (18), Senegal (15), Niger (13). Benin, Burkina Faso, and Guinea Bissau recorded two each. There was no recorded incident of violation in Cape Verde.
State actors made of security agents and state officials accounted for 83 violations recorded, individuals (26), political party affiliates (17), state officials (14), organised groups (8), regulators (4).
Kindly read the Freedom of Expression Monitor Jan- Dec 2018 here.