Guinea Bissau gained independence from the Portuguese in September 1974. After independence, the country added the capital to the name Guinea to strike a difference between the already existing Guinea. It is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south, Mali to the northeast and the Atlantic Ocean to its west. The economy of Guinea-Bissau depends mainly on agriculture and fishing. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber.
Overview of Media & FOE Environment
Media freedom in Guinea-Bissau is characterized by the existence of criminal laws banning libel, abuse of press freedom, and violation of state secrets. Currently in Guinea Bissau, there is no legislation guaranteeing the right to access information. Guinea-Bissau has a history of political instability. Since gaining independence, no elected president has successfully served a full five-year term. The April 2012 coup d’état led to a sharp decline in press freedom. State-press relations are not too friendly.
The National Council for Social Community (CNCS) is still the only regulatory body and has been without financial and material resources.
Legal Framework for Media Operation
Freedoms of expression and the press are guaranteed in the 1993 constitution and a 2005 law.
MFWA work on Guinea Bissau
The MFWA has monitors in the country who periodically report on free expression rights violations and media abuses.