Cape Verde, officially known as Cabo Verde since October 24, 2013, is made up of two groups of islands ; the Sotavento islands in the south and the Barlavento islands in the south, situated in the Atlantic Ocean and 570km off the coasts of Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia. It has a land area of 4000 km² with an estimated population size of 523,568, majority of whom depend on agriculture and food aid.
Cape Verde is one the earliest Portuguese colonies. It gained independence on July 5, 1975. It’s economy is based on tourism, the service sector and capital inflows from the diaspora.
Overview of the media and FoE Environment
Since gaining independence, the country has enjoyed political stability through the one party-system and the 1991elections. It is considered one of the most democratic countries in West Africa. The media environment is characterised by one of the extraordinary kinds of press freedom in West Africa. It must be mentioned, however, that the political authorities do manipulate some media organisations.
Legal framework of the operations of the media
After independence, regulatory bodies such the Direction Générale de la Communication Sociale(DGCS), la Direction Générale de la Communication, and the Conseil de la Communication were created. With the advent of democracy, these organs were replaced by l’Agence de Régulation Multisectorielle (ARM) which was in turn replaced in 2003 by another institution named l’Agence de Régulation Economique(ARE). The media and communication sector is vibrant and has, since 1998, been responding to democratic norms by adopting and passing decrees, laws and resolutions guaranteeing press freedom and freedom of expression. Le Conseil de la Communication Sociale remains the sole apolitical institution which gurantees freedom of expression, right to information and independence of the media. Inadequate investment and the spatial separation of the country is a major challenge to the development of the media sector.