MaliMali is one of the poorest in the world. Democracy and relative social stability since the 1990 gave the West African country rapid economic growth. For several decades after gaining independence from France in 1960, Mali suffered several coup d’état and 23 years of military dictatorship until democratic elections in 1992.

Overview of Media & FOE Environment

In Mali, the Higher Council for communication (CSC), the National Committee on Equal access to the Sate-owner Media (CNEAME) formed on January 6, 1993, and the Media Ethics Observatory (ODEP) regulate media activities.

The Higher Council for Communication was formed on the recommendation of a national conference which followed the fall of the Second Republic. It is responsible for the public’s right to information. The CSC which was established on December 24, 1992 is made up of 9 members.

Legal Regulatory Framework For Media Operation

The legal framework of the media in the Republic of Benin is governed by the following laws:

• Law 92-038/AR-RM of December 24, 1992.

• Law 93-001/AN-RM of January 6, 1993.

• The first foundation for press freedom is the constitution of Mali (promulgated by Decree N°92-037/P-CTSP on February 25, 1992), which recognises and guarantees the press’ freedom of expression.

MFWA work in Mali

The MFWA has been carrying out media rights monitoring and reporting, media capacity building, and media development interventions in Mali for the past fifteen years. The organisation started work in Mali at a time when there was repression against the media and free expression. The MFWA’s work has contributed immensely to achieving the current improved conditions of press freedom and free expression, especially after the coup d’état in 2013 and during the war.

The MFWA continues to monitor media rights violations in the country. MFWA’s Future engagements in Mali will focus on media development for participatory and accountable governance; and internet/digital rights advocacy to enhance online freedom and democratic consolidation.