Guinea has a population 10, 057,975 and was colonized by France. It gained independence on 2nd October, 1958.
Guinea has had several autocratic rulers and the country is one of the poorest in the world. With 25% of the world’s bauxite, bauxite is one of the country’s major exports. Guinea Conakry also exports banana, peanuts, coffee, pineapples and palm oil.
Overview of Media and FOE Environment
Restrictive media laws, government interference, intimidation, physical violence and lack of funding contribute to a difficult media environment in Guinea. Violence against journalist became common in 2009 and 2010 during the transition to democracy. Several journalists fled the country and some private media also suspended operations temporarily for fear of recriminations. The government used laws to imprison journalists and close down opposition media houses on charges of defamation.
The Higher Authority of Communication (HAC) was created as the regulatory body for the sector to replace the National Communication Council and also provide much stronger representation of the media interest.
Legal Framework for Media Operation
Guinea’s press is partly free with the legal environment showing some improvement with new legal guarantees for press freedom.